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KAPPA TECHNOLOGY BLOG 

5 WAYS TO PREVENT RANSOMWARE


Ransomware has frustrated IT professionals and end-users since the ’90s. In recent months, the technique has victimized government organizations.


Ransomware is typically installed on the victim’s systems through email. The attacker sends a massive email to a list acquired. If a person opens the email and clicks the attachment or link, the ransomware infects their computer. From there, the ransomware can duplicate itself and spread to other systems.



EXAMPLE OF A COMPUTER SCREEN with Ransomware:




















Ransomware has no boundaries, any network is vulnerable.

Even if you think a government network would be safe from a ransom attack, it's not. Over 170 governments have fallen victim to ransomware since 2013, according to the American Mayors Association. Large cities like Baltimore and Atlanta were infected and refused to pay. In the end, they ended up spending millions of dollars to rebuild and repair IT systems that were taken offline. Smaller cities in Florida have paid, but are left a tarnished reputation and less taxpayer money.



HERE IS A LOOK AT SOME PUBLICIZED CASES:

It is likely that many cases of ransomware go unreported as well. The decision to pay the hacker or attempt to rebuild is a difficult one. Paying the criminals emboldens and enriches them. Choosing not to pay might cost more in the long run. Some cities like Baltimore have taken a moral stance and taken vows to never pay ransomware. There is also the remote possibility that some hijacked systems can unlocked with the right help.


 

5 WAYS TO PREVENT RANSOMWARE


1. Back Up Your Data

Data is the valuable object that makes paying up worth it. If there is no data encrypted, then there is little reason for someone to pay. Backing up data on a regular basis takes the power away from those who have stolen the data. Software and systems might be locked, but the true value is the data.


2. Patch and Update

Hackers take advantage of systems that have not had recent patches or updates to break in. Regularly updating software and hardware takes away these paths to hacking.


3. Security Software & FIREWALL

We advise a layered approach to security. Using security software to stay safe is another important step. Bringing software to bear costs and money and often requires skilled personnel to get the most out . Endpoint protection software can ensure that malware does not infect them and spread. The software service will first block ransomware by detecting malicious activity and then disable the malware before damage is done. Firewalls protect networks from unauthorized traffic.


4. Expert Help

Outsource the security responsibility to a Managed Service Provider (MSP) like Kappa Computer Systems is a great suggestion.


A MSP also has the ability to monitor logs and data from these systems 24 hours a day from a RMM (Remote Monitoring Software) and handle alerts that occur.

5. Be Cautious with Emails

People should be extremely cautious with emails from unknown senders. Even known senders can be spoofed to make criminals appear like known friends or colleagues. In these situations, avoid clicking links and never open a file from someone you do not trust. The act of opening an attachment or clicking a link is what loads the payload onto the system.


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